Restless Legs (RLS)

It’s a condition associated with a nearly irresistible urge to move legs. Patients might experience pain in the legs, difficulties falling asleep, sleep deprivation, whole body fatigue or restlessness.

As one starts relaxing and getting ready to fall asleep, uncomfortable sensation within the legs begins. Many describe tingling, itching, or pulling within the legs.

It affects 7-10% of population. Mostly, it has no underlying cause (primary RLS). Associated conditions which could predispose to develop secondary RLS include: end-stage renal disease, iron deficiency, alcohol, neuropathy and pregnancy.

Treatment options include:

  • Lifestyle changes
  • Iron supplements
  • Anti-seizure drugs
  • Dopaminergic agents
  • Opioids
  • Benzodiazepines

Unfortunately, RLS is generally a lifelong condition for which there is no cure. Current therapies can effectively control and minimize symptoms allowing better quality sleep pattern to be restored.